Over the last two years, my colleagues and I have started playing board games during lunch. Not only does this provide us with much needed stress relief in the middle of the day, it has also become a great way for me to interact with teachers I might not otherwise see throughout the day.
I love the banter and exhilaration, and I look forward to lunch and interacting with my colleagues each day. Our informal conversations and shared camaraderie come easily, although I’m finding that these same personal communication skills are lacking in my students, as they focus their energy more and more singularly on virtual communications.
Therefore, it’s critical to help develop students’ social interaction skills, which can easily be done in the classroom through team-building activities.
These short games not only allow students to gain valuable skills, but also develop empathy and often improve their self-esteem.
Furthermore, when team-building activities are used routinely in classrooms, the classroom space becomes a shared, safe zone where students feel comfortable and ready to learn.
In this team-building activities post you will learn:
How team-building activities help students
How team-building activities help classrooms
How to ensure team-building activities will be successful
Specific instructions on leading each team-building activity
Five classroom-tested, student-approved team building activities
BENEFITS FOR STUDENTS AND CLASSROOMS
Many students might groan and roll their eyes if asked to participate in these activities, but they do have significant benefits. Furthermore, many teachers might be loath to take the time to conduct these activities, although they bring with them enormous gains.
BENEFITS OF TEAM-BUILDING ACTIVITIES FOR STUDENTS
Provide a common experience among peers
Allow students to feel more comfortable in group settings
Require students to develop communication skills through conversations
Encourage students to learn academic content with and from one another
BENEFITS OF TEAM-BUILDING ACTIVITIES FOR CLASSROOMS
Establish a community atmosphere for the classroom
Teach intrapersonal skills organically
Set expectations of respect and shared learning
Allow for academic learning and review in a more engaging manner
TIPS FOR ENSURING SUCCESS
In order for activities to be successful, classroom leaders must establish clear expectations.
TIP 1: INSIST ON A SAFE ZONE
The most important aspect of team-building activities is that they demonstrate that the classroom is a safe zone.
When working through the team-building activities with students, I emphasize my number one rule, which is mutual respect and acceptance.
Students must remain positive and respectful toward their fellow learners, and that includes me!
TIP 2: ESTABLISH TRUST TO BUILD COMMUNITY
In a classroom, a sense of community is vital in order for students to produce authentic writing, to receive constructive feedback from peers, and to have meaningful discussions.
By emphasizing in each activity the importance of trusting one another, classroom leaders build a sense of classroom community.
TIP 3: EMPHASIZE EMPATHY AND ESTEEM
These team-building activities encourage students to empathize with their classmates who may be different from them and will also help to build up their own self-esteem as they work with others.
Classroom leaders must stress the need for students to learn from one another and to respect the similarities and differences that al of their classmates bring to each activity.
TIP 4: ENCOURAGE LEARNING
I always like to ensure that there is an academic purpose to all aspects of classroom activities, so, as a classroom leader, I ask students to use academic vocabulary and to utilize their prior learned knowledge during discussions.
TIP 5: (SOMETIMES) FRAME AS A COMPETITION
Finally, if a classroom leader faces significant resistance from students, framing the activity as a challenge or competition can motivate them.
Do remember to emphasize that the competition or challenge being carried out can be completed by everyone and that respect and ethical behavior is paramount, as some students may attempt to cheat in order to win.
THE BEST TIME TO USE TEAM-BUILDING ACTIVITIES
Team-building activities can happen throughout the school year.
Some classroom leaders may want to use these activities at the beginning of the school year in order to establish a classroom culture and then continue to use activities once or twice a quarter to re-establish concepts, review learning, or deepen rapport.
Other teachers may use them later in the year in order to re-focus a classroom or for a specific unit of study.
Alternatively, classroom leaders can employ team-building activities at the end of the year to encourage more authentic peer review for assignments or as a new challenge for students.
The activities can be used for a myriad of reasons throughout the year and for a multitude of purposes.
FIVE AMAZING TEAM-BUILDING ACTIVITIES
Most activities should only take between five and ten minutes and can be used once or on multiple occasions. Classroom time is valuable, and these activities are designed to minimize time and maximize outcome.
ACTIVITY 1: MAKE A BURGER
Class Time: 5–10 minutes
Group Size: 5–7 students
Resources Needed: Burger template cut out into pieces, tape
Skills Focus: Teamwork, Trust-Building
This is a rather quick and silly team-building activity for high school students. Instruct the class that they are to work in groups to make a full hamburger that starts with a bun, and that has pickle, lettuce, tomato, cheese, meat and another bun in that order. Tape one ingredient onto each student’s back and instruct students to work together to find all the necessary ingredients and then line up in order. The first group to do so correctly wins.
You can either play silently, or you can tell students to say what ingredient is on their backs, but instead only provide hints.
Academic Focus: Replay this game using vocabulary words and definitions, planet names, math problems and solutions, and so on.
ACTIVITY 2: VOCAB IMPROV
Class Time: 5–10 minutes
Group Size: Any range between five students and full class
Resources Needed: List of academic vocabulary to use, example video
Skills Focus: Trust Building
Have students stand in a circle. The first student chooses a subject-related word and acts out a motion that corresponds with the word’s meaning in some way. The rest of the students in the group then echo the word and the motion together. The next student in the group chooses a new word and acts out a corresponding motion. The rest of the students then echo that word and motion, followed by the first student’s word and motion. This sequence repeats until all students in the group have their own word and motion and have reiterated everyone else’s word and motion.
To begin the game, the first student says his/her word and motion and then says another student’s word and motion. That student must say his/her word and motion and pick another student’s word and motion.
The game repeats until a called-upon student cannot recall another’s word and motion fast enough (three seconds) and is “out.”
When only two people are left, both are winners.
Caveat: no student can reiterate the previous student’s word and motion.
Academic Focus: By creating motions tied to academic vocabulary and reiterating these words and motions numerous times, students develop deep connections to these words.
Try playing this game throughout the year, and have students use their peers’ previous words and motions to call upon them, as well as current words and motions.
ACTIVITY 3: BEST PARTS OF OUR SCHOOL
Class Time: 5–20 minutes (each part of this activity can take place on a separate day)
Group Size: 4–6 students
Resources Needed: Best Parts of Our School handout
Skills Focus: Teamwork, Leadership
Often, students feel disgruntled about school, so this team-building activity for high school students encourages everyone to look for the positive, rather than the negative.
First, each individual should complete the top of the handout, listing three specific aspects of their school they like.
Then, assign students to groups of approximately four to six, making sure that students work with people they do not know well, rather than simply working with friends.
Have the students each share their three ideas in their groups, and then work together to choose which ones to include in a group list of five positive aspects about their school.
Next, each group selects a representative to go to the board to write down his or her group’s list.
Finally, the representatives and work with the whole class in order to combine the top five lists into one class-wide top ten list. Try to post this list so students remember both working together and the positive aspects of school!
Academic Focus: Ask students to use academic vocabulary in their lists or to utilize strong writing techniques, such as action verbs or figurative language, when creating each point.
ACTIVITY 4: CREATE A VOCABULARY GAME BOARD
Class Time: 10–60 minutes (each part of this activity can take place on a separate day)
Group Size: 2–3 students
Resources Needed: Activity Directions, Game Board Instruction Sheet, Two Game Board Templates, Game Piece Template, Blank Game Cards
Skills Focus: Teamwork, Leadership
Students love to play board games, so asking them to design their own provides them with a new and exciting challenge. Have students work together, possibly by formatively assessing their understanding of a concept and then grouping them in high-medium-low understanding groups. Alternatively, grouping them in like-understanding (all highs, all mediums, all lows) partnerships can also allow for thoughtful outcomes.
Have students discuss and agree upon an overall theme for the game, then complete each aspect of the board game including:
Game Board Instruction Sheet
Two Game Board Templates
Game Piece Template
Blank Game Cards
Academic Focus: Take any unit that needs further review or understanding and ask students to create a board game that highlights various aspects of the concept.
ACTIVITY 5: YOUR ENIGMATIC SELF
Class Time: 5 minutes (spread out over multiple days)
Group Size: 3–4 students
Resources Needed: Enigmatic Self handout
Skills Focus: Trust Building
Students write down three aspects of themselves that no one else knows. Assign students to groups of three or four and ask them to read their information to each other.
Each day, have one member of the group read all of the group’s fact sheets to begin the class and have the rest of the students guess which group member is which. Have students celebrate one another’s unique selves, and make sure to reiterate the need to respect each other.
Academic focus: Encourage students to use academic vocabulary when describing themselves.
Team-building is fun and has a huge number of benefits, from developing classroom community to reinforcing academic concepts.
Each of the five team building activities allows students to learn with and from each other, and deepens connections between peers.
As students become more and more disconnected from their peers and their learning because they spend much of their time on social media, team-building activities are a great way to reconnect students to their school and to their education, and to have fun while doing so.